Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

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Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

Post  Matthew on Wed Dec 19, 2007 9:40 am

Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV-TR)
The DSM-IV-TR, a widely-used manual for diagnosing mental disorders, defines that for a patient to be diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, they must exhibit at least four of the following traits:

-Preoccupation with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost
-Showing perfectionism that interferes with task completion (e.g., is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met)
-Excessive devotion to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity)
-Being overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification)
-Inability to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value
-Reluctance to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things
-Adopting a miserly spending style toward both self and others; money is viewed as something to be hoarded for future catastrophes
-Urge to perfect every little thing
-Shows rigidity and stubbornness
It is important to note that while a person may exhibit any or all of the characteristics of a personality disorder, it is not diagnosed as a disorder unless the person has trouble leading a normal life due to these issues.


A mnemonic that can be used to remember the criteria for OCPD is LAW FIRMS.

L Loses point of activity (due to preoccupation with detail)
A Inability to complete tasks (compromised by perfectionism)
W Worthless objects (unable to discard)
F Friendships (and leisure activities) excluded (due to a preoccupation with work)
I Inflexible, overconscientious (on ethics, values, or morality, not accounted for by religion or culture)
R Reluctant to delegate (unless others submit to exact guidelines)
M Miserly (toward self and others)
S Stubbornness (and rigidity)
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Matthew
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